Question51:-You must throw away the papers.
The papers must be thrown away
Question52:-You must shut the doors
Doors must be shut
Question53:-They ought to tell him
He ought to be told
Question54:-They ought to have told him.
He ought to have been told
(Sentence is active- perfect infinitive is used.)
When phrasal or prepositional verbs are changed to passive, the particles or preposition should follow the verb in passive too.
Cut down / send for/ etc
Question55:- he sent for a taxi
A taxi was sent for
Question56:-You should do away with the old practice
The old practice should be done away with
Question57:-He cut down the trees in front of his house
The trees in front of his houses were cut down
Question58:-The customs officers couldn't find the drugs
The drugs couldn't be found .
Question59:-The customs officers could have found the drugs.
The drugs could have been found by the customs officers
Question60:-where did you find the drugs?
Where were the drugs found?
Question61:-The Govt. have changed the law.
The law has been changed by the Govt.
Question62:-People believe that he is a theif.
It is believed that he is a theif. OR He is believed to be a theif.
Question63:-People believe that he was a spy
He is believed to have been a spy. OR .It is believed that he was a spy
( Believe-present simple/ he was -past simple.The time of object clause is earlier than that of "believe". Hence a perfect infinitive is to be used.)
Question64:-They say that they are intelligent.
It is said that they are intelligent
Question65:-They thought that he was living there
He was thought to be living there
Question66:- A dog has bitten her
She has been bitten by a dog?
How are Questions changed into passive.
Question67:-Who has bitten her?
Who has she been bitten by?
Question68:-Who bit her?
Who was she bitten by?
Question69:-Who painted this picture?
Who was this picture painted by?
Question70:-Who is writing this letter?
Who is this letter being written by?
Question71:-Who has written this letter?
Who has this letter been written by?
Question72:-Who painted it?
Who was it painted by?
Verbs such as, like/love/want/wish+object+infinitive
Question73:- I want someone to take photos
I want photos to be taken
Question74:-He likes him to finish the painting
He likes the painting to be finished
Question75:-He invited me to go
I was invited to go
Question76:-They urged the council to take action
The council was/were urged to take action.
ADVISE/BEG/ORDER/RECOMMEND/URGE + INDIRECT OBJECT +INFINITIVE + OBJECT.
Example of this type sentence.
They urged + the council (indirect object)+ to take (infinitive)+action(object.)
They urged the council to take action-such sentence can be changed into passive in two ways. One is given above in 72.
The second way is by -Advice etc (one of the above verbs) + that.............Should .....+ Passive infinitive.
Example: They urged THAT ACTION(object) SHOULD BE TAKEN.
The minister ordered the police to disperse the crowd.
Passive:- The minister ordered that the crowd should be dispersed.
(also, The police was ordered to disperse the crowd.)
They begged the leaders to put off the strike immediately.(active)
The leaders were begged to put off the strike immediately.(passive-1)
They begged that the strike should be put off immediately (passive-2)
AGREE/ BE ANXIOUS/ARRANGE/ BE DETERMINED/DECIDE/DEMAND + INFINITIVE + OBJECT. This pattern is changed into passive by using
That.....Should +passive infinitive.
Example:- he demanded to buy a car[active]
He demanded that a car should be bought.(passive.)
Question77:-He decided to sell the house.
He decided that the house should be sold
Question78:-He recommended taking action against her
He recommended that action should be taken against her.
Question79:-I remember them taking me to the zoo.
I remember being taken to the zoo.
Look at the following patterns and see how they are changed into passive.
Verbs like, see/hear/ smell/feel/notice/glimpse/ observe/smell/watch and listen to & look at + noun+ present participles(going/runninge..)
After any one of the above verbs, use an object+present participle or bare infinitive. Pattern with present participle is explained here.
"I saw a boy crossing the road.
(It means you saw him at a certain point of time when the action of crossing took place. You didn't see the entire action of his walking across the road , from one side to the other side of the road. )
A boy - object of see verb. Past simple tense of see is used. So passive equivalent verb form is -: was/were seen.
"A boy was seen crossing the road."- passive.
Question80:-They saw the thief running away.
The theif was seen running away
Question81:-They heard voices calling for help.
Voices were heard calling for help
Question82:- I could feel my heart beating wildly.
My heart could be felt beating wildly
Question83:-They watched the thieves being arrested by the police.
The thieves were watched being arrested by the police.
Question84:-We usually see animals being treated cruelly.
Animals are usually seen being treated cruelly
Look at the following patterns being changed to the passive.
Subject+ verb(transitive)+ noun/pronoun+infinitive.
I +hear +John+ leave the room.( Feel/hear/notice/observe/ see/watch and phrasal verbs"listen to & look at"- are the verbs used in this pattern)
I hear John leave the room(active)
Its passive form is:-
John is heard to leave the room(Here in active voice ,
to is not used,but in passive
to is unavoidable.)
(A)I hear John leaving the room.&(B) I hear John leave the room.
In (B)I heard the sounds made by John, right from the starting to the end of the activities connected with his leaving
In (A) I heard the sounds at a particular point of time in between the starting and ending of the process of leaving.
Change into passive.
Question85:-I heard him talk English yesterday.
He was heard to talk English yesterday. (Compare with the question number 76, above)
Question86:-Did anyone notice a girl come to the room?
Was a girl noticed to come to the room (by anyone)?
Question87:- I have noticed a boy go out.
A boy has been noticed to go out.
Question88:-They have heard people shout loudly
People have been heard to shout loudly.
Question89:-They felt the house shake terribly
The house was felt to shake terribly.
Question90:-I feel my hand shake mildly.
My hand is felt to shake mildly.
Notice another pattern with verbs :- Help/know/and make.
know in the perfect tense only can be used among them.
(Make+noun+ infinitive without to.)
Note:(1)" I helped him(to)do the work"~
You can use or omit" to" after the object , after the verb "help".So "to" is given in the bracket.
(2)"I will make you do the work"
(3) I have known him sing a song.
In sentences (1)&(2) "to"is not used in active sentence. But in passive "to" is needed in the above sentences.
1- He was helped to do the work.
2-You will be made to do the work.
3- He has been known to do the work.
Chang the following sentences into passive , just like the above sentences.
He made her drink a cup of tea(active)
She was made to drink a cup of tea.(passive)( The absence of
to in the active sentence, and the presence of
to in the passive should be kept in mind. Make - here means to compel.
Question91:-He made you think about money.
You were made to think about money
Question92:-I have known experts make this mistake.
Experts have been known to make this mistake
Question93:- Have you ever known her lose her temper?
Has she ever been known to lose her temper?
Question94:-Can we make the murder look like an accident?
Can the murder be made to look like an accident?
Question95:-They helped him buy a car.
He was helped to buy a car
Question96:- The terrorists made the hostages lie down.
The hostages were made to lie down.
Question97:- He saw her come out of the house.
She was seen to come out of the house.
Question98:-They will make him say everything
He will be made to say everything
Some other pattern to be noted.
Open the door It is an imperative sentence. Its meaning is to tell or ask people to do , or to make a suggestion,to give advice or instructions, to encourage or offer , and express wishes.
Question99:- Open the door (active voice)
Let the door be opened.(passive)
Question100:-Do justice to him
Let justice be done to him
Finally, remember one thing. There are certain intransitive verbs like, go ,come ,arrive , and rise .When they expresses movement / change of state or position, then we can use, the auxiliary "to be" where we should normally expect / use "have".
(1)HE IS GONE TO LONDON. ( Instead of ,
he has gone to London)
(2)THE POST IS COME. (3)THE SUN IS RISEN. Their form is similar to passive. But they differ from the perfect tense (They have gone to London, the post has come etc.) in one aspect that they don't denote an activity or occurrence as the perfect tense does. They denote not an activity, but" a resultant situation." "he is not there" That is , you cannot see him there, his absence is expressed. Similarly, the post is come means, only the resultant state, ie, we have letters or parcels are here for you to read. Not the action of coming .
Can you make a cup of tea?" I'm afraid the tea is gone."= It is used up or not even a little of it is left there. They are not passive sentences.
Question101:-Rama killed Ravana.
Ravana was killed( by Rama)
Question102:-Rama is killing Ravana
Ravana is being killed (by Rama)
Fill in with the appropriate word given below to CHANGE IT INTO A PASSIVE SENTENCE.
Question103:-Malayalam ------------------in Kerala state.
C- are spoken
D- is spoken
D- is spoken
Question104:-My car has --------stolen
Question105:-The bottles will ------ opened.
Question106:-Dirty dishes ---------be washed up
Question107:-The hall has already --------cleaned.
Question108:-The floor is --------- swept by a servant at the moment
Question109:-People are believed to---------- been afraid of the terrorists
Question110:-Wine will ------ -------- ordered by 4o'clock today
Question111:-Who-------- this book written by?