World Longest and Largest

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PSC Question and Answer about GK (World Longest and Largest) including for Kerala Administrative Service (KAS), Secretariat Assistant, Panchayath Secretary, BDO, Auditor, Assistant, LDC and LGS examination level questions. We will update balance portion of the study material.....

Hottest Place Death Valley, California, USA
Largest Sea The Mediterranean Sea, 1,144,800 square miles
Highest Lake The Highest navigable lake is Lake Titicaca in Peru, 12,500 feet above sea level
Lowest Lake The Dead Sea, Israel-Jordan, surface of water 1,349 feet below sea level
Highest Plateau Pamir Tibet (Roof of World)
Largest Lake Caspian Sea, 152,239 square miles
Largest Freshwater Lake Lake Superior, US-Canada, 31,820 square miles
Deepest Ocean Pacific Ocean, average depth 13,215 feet
Largest Island Greenland, 839,999 square miles
Largest Continent Asia, 17,212,2000 square miles
Smallest Continent Australia,312,2000 square miles
Highest Mountain Mount Everest, Himalayan Mountains, Nepal-Tibet, 29,035 feet above sea level
Lowest Point on land The Dead Sea, Israel-Jordan, water surface 1,349 feet below sea level
Deepest Underwater Trench Marina Trench, 200 miles southwest of Guam in the Pacific Ocean, 36,198 feet below the ocean surface
Largest Ocean Pacific Ocean, 60,060,700 square miles
Smallest Ocean Arctic Ocean, 5,427,000 square miles
Longest Railway Trans-Siberian Railway (9289 km / 5772 miles)
Largest Gulf Gulf of Mexico, 615,000 square miles
Bay The Bay of Bengal, 1,300,000 square miles
Largest River The Amazon, South America, basin of 2,500,000 square miles
Largest Gorge Grand Canyon, Colorado River, Arizona, US, 217 miles long, 4-18 miles wide, 1 mile deep
Deepest Gorge Hells Canyon, Snake River, Idaho, 7,900 feet deep
Longesr Estuary Ob River, Russia, 550 miles long, up to 50 miles wide
Larget Lagoon Lagoa dos Patos, Brazil, 150 miles long, 4,500 square miles
Largest Waterfall Angel Falls, Venezuela, 3,212 feet high
Smallest Bird Humming Bird
Largest Peninsula Arabia, 1,250,000 square miles
Longesr River The Nile, Africa, 4,180 miles
Shortest River The Roe, Montana, US, 200 feet long
Largest Archipelago Indonesia, 3,500-mile stretch of 17,000 islands
Largest Gorge Grand Canyon, Colorado River, Arizona, US, 217 miles long, 4-18 miles wide, 1 mile deep
Deepest Gorge Hells Canyon, Snake River, Idaho, 7,900 feet deep
Longest Mountain Range The Andes of South America, 5,000 miles
Largest Planet The largest planet in our solar system by far is Jupiter, which beats out all the other planets in both mass and volume.
Smallest Planet Smallest Planet: Mercury. Mercury is a tiny black dot as it transits the Sun in 2006
Largest Waterfall Angel Falls, Venezuela, 3,212 feet high
Largest Freshwater Lake Lake Superior, US-Canada, 31,820 square miles
Deepest Underwater Trench Marina Trench, 200 miles southwest of Guam in the Pacific Ocean,36,198 feet below the ocean surface
Largest bay Hudson Bay, Canada.
Longest Road Tunnel Laedal Tunnel, Norway (24.51 km long)
Longest Wall Wall of China (21.19618 million m length)
Largest Delta Ganges Delta (consists of Bangladesh and the state of West Bengal, India)
Largest Island Greenland
Largest Sea Bird Albatross
Oceans of the World (by Size)
  • Pacific (155,557,000 sq km)
  • Atlantic (76,762,000 sq km)
  • Indian (68,556,000 sq km)
  • Southern (20,327,000 sq km)
  • Artic (14,056,000 sq km)
Ocean's Greatest Depths
  • Mariana Trench, Pacific Ocean 35,827 ft
  • Puerto Rico Trench, Atlantic Ocean 30,246 ft
  • Java Trench, Indian Ocean 24,460 ft
  • Arctic Basin, Arctic Ocean, 18,456 ft
Major Seas (by Size)
  • South China (2,974,600 sq km)
  • Caribbean (2,515,900 sq km)
  • Mediterranean (2,510,000 sq km)
  • Bering (2,261,100 sq km)
  • Gulf of Mexico (1,507,600 sq km)
  • Arabian Sea (1,498,320 sq km)
  • Sea of Okhotsk (1,392,100 sq km)
  • Sea of Japan (East Sea - 1,012,900 sq km)
  • Hudson Bay (730,100 sq km)
  • East China (664,600 sq km)
  • Andaman (564,900 sq km)
  • Black (507,900 sq km)
  • Red (453,000 sq km)
Major Rivers (by length)
  • Nile, Africa (6,825 km)
  • Amazon, South America (6,437 km)
  • Chang Jiang (Yangtze), Asia (6,380 km)
  • Mississippi, North America (5,971 km)
  • Yenisey-Angara, Asia (5,536 km)
  • Huang(Yello), Asia (5,464 km)
  • Ob-Irtysh, Asia (5,410 km)
  • Amur, Asia (4,416 km)
  • Lena, Asia (4,400 km)
  • Congo, Africa (4,370 km)
  • Mackenzie-Peace, North America (4,241 km)
  • Mekong, Asia (4,184 km)
  • Niger, Africa (4,171 km)
Major Lakes (by Size)
  • Caspian Sea, Asia-Europe (371,000 sq km)
  • Superior, North America (82,100 sq km)
  • Victoria, Africa (69,500 sq km)
  • Huron, North America (59,600 sq km)
  • Michigan, North America (57,800 sq km)
  • Tanganyika, Africa (32,900 sq km)
  • Baikal, Asia (31,500 sq km)
  • Great Bear, North America (31,300 sq km)
  • Aral Sea, Asia (30,700 sq km)
  • Malawi, Africa (28,900 sq km)
  • Great Slave, Canada (28,568 sq km)
  • Erie, North America (25,667 sq km)
  • Winnipeg, Canada (24,387 sq km)
  • Ontario, North America (19,529 sq km)
Deepest Lake (by Greatest Depth)
  • Baikal, Russian Fed. (5,315 ft)
  • Tanganyika, Africa (4,800 ft)
  • Caspian Sea, Asia-Europe (3,363 ft)
  • Malawi or Nyasa, Africa (2,317 ft)
  • Issyk-Kul, Kyrgyzstan (2,303 ft)
Tallest Mountains (on each Continent)
  • Mount Everest 8859 m - Asia
  • Aconcagua 6959 m - S. America
  • Mount McKinley 6194 m - N. America
  • Mount Kilimanjaro 5963 m - Africa
  • Mount Elbrus 5633 m - Europe
  • Puncak Jaya 4884 m - Oceania
  • Vinson Massif 4897 m - Antarctica
Oldest Countries
  • San Marino (301 AD)
  • France (486 AD)
  • Bulgaria (632 AD)
  • Denmark (950 AD)
  • Portugal (1143 AD)
  • Andorra (1278 AD)
  • Switzerland (1291 AD)
Youngest Countries
  • South Sudan (July 9, 2011) (South Sudan peacefully seceded from Sudan)
  • Kosovo (February 17, 2008)(Kosovo unilaterally declared independence from Serbia. )
  • Montenegro (July 2006) (Montenegro was part of Serbia and Montenegro (also known as Yugoslavia)
  • Serbia (July 2006) (The single nation of Serbia and Montenegro, formed after the collapse of Yugoslavia in 1991. Montenegro's independence ultimately left Serbia effectively a new state.)
  • East Timor (2002) East Timor (Timor-Leste) declared independence from Portugal
  • Palau (1994)
  • Czech Republic (1993)
  • Eritrea (1993)
  • Slovakia (1993)
  • Bosnia/Hertzegovina (1992)
Continents of the World (by Size)
  • 1 Asia (445,579,000 sq km)
  • 2 Africa (30,065,000 sq km)
  • 3 North America (24,256,000 sq km)
  • 4 South America (17,819,000 sq km)
  • 5 Antarctica (13,209,000 sq km)
  • 6 Europe (9,938,000 sq km)
  • 7 Australia/Oceania (7,687,000 sq km)
Continets by Population
  • 1 Asia
  • 2 Africa
  • 3 Europe
  • 4 North America
  • 5 South America
  • 6 Australia/Oceania
  • 7 Antarctica
Continents by number of Countries
  • 1 Africa (53)
  • 2 Europe (46)
  • 3 Asia (44)
  • 4 North America (23)
  • 5 Oceania (14)
  • 6 South America (12)
Countries with Most land Boundaries
  • China - 14
  • Russian Federation -14
  • Brazil - 10
  • Congo, Germany and Sudan - 10
  • Austria, France, Tanzania, Turkey and Zambia - 8
Top 10 Tallest Mountains
  • Mount Everst, 8850m (29035 ft) - Nepal
  • Qogir (K2), 8611 m (28250 ft) - India
  • Kangchenjunga 8586 m (28169 ft) - Nepal
  • Lhotse, 8501 m (27929 ft) - Nepal
  • Makalu I, 8462 m (27765 ft) - Nepal
  • Cho Oyu, 8201 m (26906 ft) - Nepal
  • Dhaulagiri, 8167 m (26794 ft) - Nepal
  • Manaslu I, 8156 m (26758 ft) - Nepal
  • Nanga Parbat, 8125 m (26658 ft) - Pakistan
  • Annapurna I, 8091 m (26545 ft) - Nepal