Descriptive Training

Hi , Learners,

We provide you a new way, to get yourself familiar with, how to write essays, paragraphs, precis and to do translation. Also we give usage notes. Watch the contents we give-:

Contents-:

  1. Essay
  2. Question and Answers
  3. Main points
  4. Precise
  5. Translation Precise
  6. Writing Paragraph based on the idea of the essay.
  7. Words and usage notes, with examples

These are the steps we used to help you become familiar with the way how to write an essay or precis, paragraph or translation on your own. Once you go through these steps , again and again with different subject we provide, you will become a master "writer" and come out with flying colours. Such an attempt never before made in any website or in any real class rooms, by any one else. Grab the opportunity and get your skill for writing DEVELOPED at the earliest. ""Develop your fluency and writing skill!!""

Subject :-Air Pollution

Essay

"It wouldn't be an exaggeration to say that air pollution is one of the biggest public concerns in India today.Its implications are many,but just two will suffice here.A report of the Lancet Commission on pollution and health , states that around 19 lakh people die prematurely every year from diseases caused by outdoor and indoor air pollution.A study by the Indian Journal of Pediatrics shows that the lungs of children who grow up in polluted environments like Delhi ,are 10% smaller compared to the lungs of children in the U.S. So what is needed, therefore, is a comprehensive policy to curb pollution. We need to act now

At the heart of the problem of pollution are carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. About 75% of all greenhouse gas emissions are CO2 emissions produced through burning fossil fuels- oil,coal,and natural gas-to generate energy. Since the early 2000s, carbon emissions have increased because of high growth in the Indian economy.In 2014, India's total carbon emissions were more than three times the levels in 1990

Emissions can be curbed only if people are persuaded to move away from fossil fuels and adopt greener forms of energy. But how do we achieve that? Tax carbon

A part of the carbon revenue thus generated can be used for a systematic overhaul of the energy mix, which, to a large extent, would address the pressing problem of environmental degradation. The Indian economy's energy mix needs to be remodelled through investments in clean renewable sources of energy like solar, wind, hydro, geothermal and low emissions bioenergy, and by raising the level of energy efficiency through investments in building retrofits, grid upgrades, and Industrial efficiency. According to our estimates, this energy mix overhaul requires an additional 1.5% of GDP annually over the next two decades. Assuming that the Indian economy grows at 6% per annum and the population is likely to rise from 1.3 billion to 1.5 billion over the next two decades, the per capita emissions will still fall as a result of this policy , from 3.1 metric tonnes to 1.5 metric tonnes. Since this expenditure is financed by the carbon tax revenue, it will be a revenue-neutral policy with no implications on the fiscal deficit.

This policy not only curbs emissions but also delivers on providing more employment since the employment elasticity in greener forms of energy is higher than those in fossil fuel-based energy.



Question and Answer

(First, you shouuld write then click on Answer button)

Question1:-1- what is mentioned as one of the biggest problems in India?



Air pollution.


Question2:-what are the effects of air pollution that two study reports pointed out?



(A) lakhs of people die prematurely from diseases caused by air pollution

(B) children of polluted area have smaller lungs when compared to children in US.



Question3:-At the heart of the problem" - what does it mean?



The most important part of something.


Question4:- what is the main reason for air pollution?



Carbon dioxide emissions, when we burn fossil based fuels .


Question5:-what , according to the author, to re-model our energy needs on?



on renewable energy and improving efficiency in existing system of energy.


Question6:-"Carbon dioxide emissions grew 3 times as with the high growth of our economy " -Is this statement correct?



YES.


Question7:-For the development of green energy and improving energy efficiency, huge amount ,ie, 1.5% of GDP is needed every year- where does , according to the author, that amount come from?



By imposing tax on carbon content fuels.


Question8:- what are the twin gains of green energy?



Carbon dioxide emissions are reduced and more employment opportunities are generated



Important Piont of the Essay

(First, you shouuld write then click on Answer button)



  1. Air pollution is big problem.
  2. A study shows Lakhs of people die prematurely from diseases caused by air pollution
  3. Due to air pollution, children's lungs are small when compared to children in USA
  4. Carbon dioxide emissions are the real reason.
  5. Emissions are due to burning fossil based fuels such as, coal ,oil etc,
  6. The more the economy grew, the more emissions are.
  7. The rate of emissions2014 are 3 times more than that in 1990.
  8. People are encouraged to use green energy , rather than fossil -based energy.
  9. Put tax on fossil -based energy, to get money for developing green energy- wind,solar etc.
  10. Efficiency of existing energy systems should be improved, so is industrial energy efficiency.
  11. This process requires 1.5% of GDP in the next two decades. But the tax on carbon will meet it.
  12. So the investment won't affect the budget.
  13. Pollution can be reduced.
  14. Changing into green energy would help employment opportunities and also curb pollution.


Once you understand the main points. Try to answer the questions given below. And also you will be able to shorten the essay into one third of it, containing the main points only. The main points can be shortened again for this purpose on your own . This is what called" precis"


Precis of the above essay

(First, you shouuld write then click on Answer button)



Carbon dioxide emissions cause air pollution. Premature death of lakhs of people from diseases caused by air pollution, and smaller lungs of children, living in polluted area are the main result of Air pollution. People should be encouraged to switch over to green energy, and this in turn, would present more employment opportunities. For developing green energy and improving existing energy efficiency, 1.5% of GDP is needed yearly. By putting tax on carbon content fuels, we can meet the expense, with out having any effect on budget.




തർജ്ജമ/ പരിഭാഷ/ മൊഴിമാറ്റം./ Translation

(Change the idea expressed in one language, into a different language. )

(First, you shouuld write then click on Answer button)



കാർബൺ ഡൈയോകസൈഡ് പുറന്തള്ളുന്നതാണ് വായുമലിനീകരണത്തിന്റെ മുഖ്യകാരണം. വായു മലിനീകരണം രോഗങ്ങൾ ഉണ്ടാക്കുന്നു. ഈ രോഗം ബാധിച്ച് ലക്ഷക്കണക്കിന് മനുഷ്യർ വർഷന്തോറും അകാലത്തിൽ മരിക്കുന്നു. മലിനീകരിക്കപ്പെട്ട വായു ശ്വസിച്ച് വളരുന്ന കുട്ടികൾക്ക് താരതമ്യേന ചെറിയ ശ്വാസകോശമാണുളളത്. പരിസ്ഥിതിക്ക് ദോഷമുണ്ടാക്കാത്ത ഊർജ്ജം ഉപയോഗിക്കുവാൻ ജനങ്ങളെ പ്രേരിപ്പിക്കണം. ഇത്തരം ഊർജ്ജോല്പാദനം കൂടുതൽ തൊഴിൽ അവസരങ്ങളുണ്ടാക്കും. പരിസ്ഥിതി സൗഹൃദമായ ഊർജ്ജോല്പാദനത്തിനും നിലവിലുള്ള ഊർജ്ജോല്പാദനത്തിന്റെ ഗുണമേന്മ വർദ്ധിപ്പിക്കുന്നതിനും പ്രതിശീർഷ വരുമാനത്തിന്റെ 1.5% ചെലവാകും. കാർബൺ അടിസ്ഥാനമായ ഊർജ്ജോല്പാദന വസ്തുക്കൾക്ക് നികുതി ഏർപ്പെടുത്തിയാൽ, രാജ്യത്തിന്റെ പൊതു വരുമാത്തിൽ കുറവുവരാതെ ധനസമാഹരണം സാദ്ധ്യമാകും.




It discussed or found out the important points of the problem. What lies at the heart of the air pollution is carbon dioxide emissions. What is at the heart of the rivalry is money. He is kind at heart, but appearance seems to be contrary to that.

The news broke his heart= He felt unhappy.

I know the song and can sing it by heart= sing it from memory.

These words really came from the bottom of his heart. = He was sincere.

I know money is close to your heart. = It is very dear to him

. He has already given his heart to a girl from Kerala = love somebody.So he has lost his heart to her. (The same meaning, fall in love.)

Environmental= affecting the air,land,or water on Earth . OR affecting the area surrounding a place.

The environmental damage caused by chemical industry. We have to discuss the environmental issues at the meeting.

EMISSION= Sending out of light, gas,heat etc.

GREEN =(1) connected with the environment or its protection.(2) Harming the environment AS LITTLE as possible.

Use green energy , etc, wind , solar energy. No bad effects on environment, when it is produced or it is used.

So such energy is called green = friendly to the environment.




WRITE A PARAGRAPH ON AIR POLLUTION BASED ON THE ABOVE ESSAY

(First, you shouuld write then click on Answer button)



IN INDIA, the rate of air pollution is alarmingly higher. The smoke surrounding our capital, New Delhi, made headlines in Newspapers. This is caused by increasing carbon dioxide emissions, from vehicles, factories etc. Carbon content fuels such as petrol, diesel, coal are use in various types of vehicles, including trains. The use of such fuels is to be limited. People should be encouraged to switch over to green energy. Electricity produced from wind farms, solar panels, sea waves, is considered as safe to the environment. Fossil based energy pollute our land ,air and water. They may be used up overtime. But wind and solar panels are not doing any harm to the environment. The source of this type of energy ,such as sunlight and wind , won't dry up overtime. And its use will curb the diseases caused by pollution of environment. Life on earth will be more comfortable and easier with green energy