Question1:-___________ Is the individual unit of memory ?
Bit ( one bit = either 0 or 1 of binary digit)
Question2:-a nibble is a group of ______ bits
4 bits ( a nibble can represent 24 = 16 alphanumeric symbols)
Question3:-one byte is a group of __________ bits
8 bits ( a byte can represent 28 = 256 alphanumeric symbols)
Question4:-What is Data ?
Data is a representation of facts, concepts, instructions, coding for the required format which should be suitable for processing by electronic device or human . Data is the input of a particular software or OS. Normally it is not meaningful.
Question5:-What is Information ?
It is processed or organized or classified data, which has some meaningful values for the receiver, decisions made based on the prcessed data. Information is the output of the software.
Question6:-What is ASCII?
Amercian Standard code for Information Interchange.
ASCII was developed from telegraph code
The ASCII table has 128 characters, value 0 to 127
Each key on the keyboard represent a ASCII value
ASCII code of A-Z (capital letter) is 65-90
ASCII code of a-z (small letter) is 97-122
ASCII code of 0-9 is 48-57
ASCII code of DEL is 127 (last value)
ASCII code of Space is 32
Extended ASCII code table start from 128 to 255
Question7:-ASCII code is a _____ bit code
Question8:-What is EBCDIC?
Extended Binary coded Decimal Interchage Code
it is 8 bit code
it is used in mainframe computer lie IBM mainframe and IBM midrange computer
Question9:-What is UNICODE?
Unicode is a character encoding standard
it was formed in 1991
it is 16 bit code
Question10:-what is ISCII
Indian Script Code for Information Interchange
It represent various indian languages
In 1991, the Bureau of Indian Standards adopted the Indian Standard Code for Information Interchange (ISCII)
it is an 8 bit code, 256 symbols
Question11:-What is ANSI ?
American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
founded on October 19, 1918
it have two type code FIPS AND GNIS
Question12:-Nobel price of computer world is _____________
Question13:- The vacum tubes invented by________ ?
Lee De Forest
Question14:-Puched card invented by ___________ ?
Question15:-what is C Language ?
It is a general purpose procedural language, developed by Richie at Bell labs in 1972
Question16:- What is PASCAL language ?
It is a procedural language, developed by Niklaus in 1970
Question17:-what is Java language?
It is a general purpose Object oriented programming language
Developed by James Gosling of Sun Microsysem in 1991
it is a platform independent program, its extension is .java
GNU general public license
Java is first internet language
first name of java is OAK
Java program run on Java virtual machine
Question18:- What is c++ language ?
Multipurpose object oriented programing language,developed by Bijarne Stroustrup in 1983 at Bell lab
Question19:- What is COBOL language ?
Common Business Oriented Language introduced in 1959. procedural and object oriented language
Question20:-What is FORTRAN language?
Formula Translation,it is used for numeric computation and scientific calculation, Object oriented programing language,desigined by John Backus of IBM in 1957,
Question21:-What is Logo Language ?
Logo is an educational programming language, designed in 1967
it is used for graphical purpose
Question22:-what is BASIC language?
BASIC ( Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code)is a family of general-purpose, high-level programming languages, developed In 1964,it is a procedural language.
Question23:- What is is ADA ?
High level object oriented programing language.
Question24:-What is Pearl
PEARL (Process and experiment automation realtime language) multitasking and real-time programming language. Being a high-level and cross platform language, developed in 1977,
Question25:-What is Python ?
Python is an high-level programming language for general-purpose programming. Created by Guido van Rossum and first released in 1991
Question26:-What is Ruby ?
It is an open source programing language. It is a cross platform, object oriented and general puprpose programing language. In 1990s developed by Yukihiro "Matz" Matsumoto in Japan
Question27:-One application run on Multiple operating system like windows and linux is called as ____________
Cross platfrom language
Question28:-What is a super computer ?
A supercomputer is a computer with a high level of computing performance ,it is measured in floating-point operations per second (FLOPS) instead of million instructions per second (MIPS).
Question29:-Father of super computer ?
Question30:-Father of Indian super computer ?
Vijay P Bhatkar
Question31:-Super Computer "Sunway TaihuLight" ?
It was designed by the National Research Center of Parallel Computer Engineering & Technology (NRCPC) , chaina in 2016
speed :- 93.01 PFLOPS
Question32:- Super computer "Tianhe" ?
It was designed by the National Research Center of Parallel Computer Engineering & Technology (NRCPC) , chaina in 2013
speed :- 33.86 PFLOPS
Question33:- Super computer "Titan"
Titan is a supercomputer built by Cray , US
speed :- 17.59 PFLOPS
Question34:-Super computer "IBM Sequoia"?
Sequoia is a supercomputer built by IBM , US
speed :- 17.17 PFLOPS
Question35:-Super computer "K" ?
It is develope in Japan in 2011 Speed 10.51 PFLOPS
Question36:-World famous super computers
Tianhe-IA, speed 2.566 PFLOPS, developed in China
Cray Jaguar, speed 1.759 PFLOPS, developed in U.S
IBM Roadrunner, speed 1.026 PFLOPS, developed in US
other super comuters Earth Simulator, Encanto, JUGENE, Numerical Wind Tunnel
Question37:- Super computers developed by IBM ?
IBM Roadrunner, Blue Gene, ACI White , MIRA
Question38:-Which computer break the tera FLOP barrier?
Question39:- INDIAN SUPER COMPUTERS ?
ADITYA:-Developed by Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune, Speed 790.7 teraflop/s, which is used for climate research and operational forecasting.
PARAM Yuva II:- Developed by Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) , Spedd 524 TFLOPS.
Pratyush:- is the first Petaflop Supercomputer developed by India, it is the world 4th fastest cmputer. Speed 6.8 petaflops
PARAM-8000:- India's first super computer developed by C-DAC
PARAM 10000, PARAM 8600, PARAM YUVA , PARAM PADMA is developed by C-DAC
SAGA -220 is developed by ISRO, Speed 220 TeraFlops
Question40:-Who is the father of Computer Architecture ?
John Von Neu Mann
Question41:-First computer programmer ?
Question42:- Charles Babbage autobiography ?
"Passage from the life of philosopher"
Question43:-Who wrote the book "The third apple"
Question44:-UNIVAC AND ENIAC developed by
John Presper Eckert and W Mauchly
Question45:-Micro soft's first OS
DOS , IN 1981
Question46:-First microprocessor INTEL 4004 developed by .
Faggin ,Hoff and Mazor
Question47:-First spread sheet computer program for personal computer _____
Question48:-First video game related with __________ game
Question49:-The first real time computer
Question50:- The first personal computer